Smaller, but significant numbers settled in the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Espírito Santo and São Paulo (state).The city of Curitiba has the second largest Polish diaspora in the world (after Chicago) and Polish music, dishes and culture are quite common in the region.
Poles have made important contributions to the world in every major field of human endeavor.
A wide-ranging Polish diaspora (the Polonia) exists throughout Europe, the Americas, and in Australasia.
Today the largest urban concentrations of Poles are within the Warsaw and Silesian metropolitan areas.
After 1945 the so-called "autochthonous" or "aboriginal" school of Polish prehistory received official backing in Poland and a considerable degree of popular support.
According to this view, the Lusatian Culture which archaeologists have identified between the Oder and the Vistula in the early Iron Age, is said to be Slavonic; all non-Slavonic tribes and peoples recorded in the area at various points in ancient times are dismissed as "migrants" and "visitors".